Geospatial Analysis of Typhoid and Malaria Prevalence and their risk factors in Rawalpindi City, Pakistan

  • Aziz N.
  • Ahmad S.S


In developing countries like Pakistan, typhoid and malaria are widespread due to environment of hygiene and sanitation. This study explores GIS-aided spatial analysis of distribution of malaria and typhoid in urban unplanned settlements of Rawalpindi along Nullah Lai. The selected population consists of 500 households and 5 public hospitals. Questionnaires were given to all the participants in the study area. The data was then examined by statistical analysis and also by integrating it in GIS. The prevalence of typhoid infection was high in people who drank municipal water than those who use ground water or filter plant water. Prevalence of malaria and typhoid was also higher in households which exhibit lower socioeconomic status, low clean water index (CWI), and overcrowded houses. With the aid of these analyses it will be effective to monitor and identify high rate disease locations and to implement precautionary measures.